【Java 开发】mac 设置 MySQL 数据库默认编码(字符集)为 UTF-8

鉴于有些刚接触 MySQL 数据库的人,经常会碰到数据库中文显示的问题,MySQL 数据库刚安装时默认编码是 latin1,所以如果在数据库建表的时候没有设置 DEFAULT CHARSET=utf8 的话,就会导致数据库无法设置或显示中文的问题,下面给出在 Mac 下将 MySQL 的默认编码改为 UTF-8。


查看自己的 MySQL 的编码方式

  • 先连接 MySQL 数据库 ,在终端输入以下命令,回车后输入 MySQL 的密码。
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p
  • 然后输入以下命令查看自己的 MySQL 的编码方式。
show variables like '%char%';

上图是我设置支持 UTF-8 后显示的结果

修改 MySQL 的默认编码

  • 进入到 /usr/local/mysql/support-files 目录,找到 my-default.cnf文件,将其复制到桌面上,重命名为 my.cnf

前往文件夹

前往文件夹

  • 右键桌面上的 my.cnf 文件,打开方式选择 文本编辑 ,然后将全部内容替换为下面代码。
# Example MySQL config file for small systems.
#
# This is for a system with little memory (<= 64M) where MySQL is only used
# from time to time and it's important that the mysqld daemon
# doesn't use much resources.
#
# MySQL programs look for option files in a set of
# locations which depend on the deployment platform.
# You can copy this option file to one of those
# locations. For information about these locations, see:
# http://dev.mysql.com/doc/mysql/en/option-files.html
#
# In this file, you can use all long options that a program supports.
# If you want to know which options a program supports, run the program
# with the "--help" option.
# The following options will be passed to all MySQL clients
[client]
default-character-set=utf8
#password = your_password
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
# Here follows entries for some specific programs
# The MySQL server
[mysqld]
default-storage-engine=INNODB
character-set-server=utf8
collation-server=utf8_general_ci
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock
skip-external-locking
key_buffer_size = 16K
max_allowed_packet = 1M
table_open_cache = 4
sort_buffer_size = 64K
read_buffer_size = 256K
read_rnd_buffer_size = 256K
net_buffer_length = 2K
thread_stack = 128K
# Don't listen on a TCP/IP port at all. This can be a security enhancement,
# if all processes that need to connect to mysqld run on the same host.
# All interaction with mysqld must be made via Unix sockets or named pipes.
# Note that using this option without enabling named pipes on Windows
# (using the "enable-named-pipe" option) will render mysqld useless!
#
#skip-networking
server-id = 1
# Uncomment the following if you want to log updates
#log-bin=mysql-bin
# binary logging format - mixed recommended
#binlog_format=mixed
# Causes updates to non-transactional engines using statement format to be
# written directly to binary log. Before using this option make sure that
# there are no dependencies between transactional and non-transactional
# tables such as in the statement INSERT INTO t_myisam SELECT * FROM
# t_innodb; otherwise, slaves may diverge from the master.
#binlog_direct_non_transactional_updates=TRUE
# Uncomment the following if you are using InnoDB tables
#innodb_data_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data
#innodb_data_file_path = ibdata1:10M:autoextend
#innodb_log_group_home_dir = /usr/local/mysql/data
# You can set .._buffer_pool_size up to 50 - 80 %
# of RAM but beware of setting memory usage too high
#innodb_buffer_pool_size = 16M
#innodb_additional_mem_pool_size = 2M
# Set .._log_file_size to 25 % of buffer pool size
#innodb_log_file_size = 5M
#innodb_log_buffer_size = 8M
#innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 1
#innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 50
[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 16M
[mysql]
no-auto-rehash
# Remove the next comment character if you are not familiar with SQL
#safe-updates
[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
[mysqlhotcopy]
interactive-timeout
  • 将修改后的文件 my.cnf 复制到 /etc 目录下。

前往文件夹

  • 重启 MySQL 数据库就 ok 了。

重启数据库


大概步骤就是这样了,重启完数据库后可以再按照一开始的方法,看一下自己 MySQL 的数据库编码有没有变成 UTF-8 ,最后附上本文的 参考地址

将来的你,一定会感激现在拼命的自己,愿自己与读者的开发之路无限美好。

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